Cats are proud animals and very rarely show the need to be cared for, so it is essential for owners to be able to recognize their health needs.
A healthy kitten eats regularly, drinks little water (the increase in thirst is often an alarm bell), washes himself every day, takes care of his coat. His eyes usually do not tear, his nose does not drip, his ears are pink and clean inside, the salivation is not excessive.
However, if one or more of these parameters are not within the normal range, it is advisable to consult your vet. Any type of drainage, be it eye, nose or ear, must be taken seriously, as it can be a symptom of a disease.
It will be useful for the owner to have a small home pharmacy, adapted to the specific needs of the cat, so you have at hand the right product at the right time. The medicine box should never lack products for hygiene, pesticides, drugs for digestive problems (often the cat swallows balls of hair during the toilet), drugs for first aid, as well as cotton, gauze, bandages, plasters, syringes, skin ointments.
In any case, to avoid worsening the health of the cat by giving it an unsuitable medication, it is always advisable to consult your vet before intervening.
For more serious diseases, however, it is important to immediately involve your vet. Some diseases are really dangerous for the health and life of your cat.
Vaccinating your cat is the first step in ensuring good health and a long life.
Cats that live outside the home make long journeys and can more easily run into infections transmitted by other already sick cats; in this case it is important to carry out complete cycles of vaccinations, with the necessary reprimands. For the cats living in the house, however, some measures are necessary to protect the immune system which, being poorly stimulated, is more sensitive to occasional infections that spread by air. Your vet will be able to advise you on the most suitable treatments and accessory measures to protect your kitten and ensure as little stress as possible.
Your kitty is a carnivorous animal, which needs a balanced dietary intake. The choice is halfway between industrial products, perfectly balanced but rich in preservatives and chemical additives, and home feeding, which is nutritionally healthier but potentially unbalanced.
The journey is experienced by the cat as a strong source of stress. It is a territorial animal, strongly habitual and that suffers both during the journey and on arrival, especially because it must enter the hated transport. If you do not have a choice, it is a good idea to accustom your kitten to travelling from an early age, avoiding giving her food up to 3-4 hours before and during the journey, taking care to always put water at her disposal and making several stops to allow her to breathe fresh air but without letting her out of the carrier.
It is necessary to remember to always inform oneself about the health obligations that our destination requires and, if our destination is in one of the Italian regions, to immediately worry about fulfilling the vaccination and antiparasitic prophylaxis provided.
There are numerous parasites that can strike the cat internally and externally.
External parasites usually occur with persistent itching and often affect the auricle, which must be kept clean and controlled.
Being very resistant animals, it is difficult to pick up the signs of suffering in the habits of the feline. If you notice any symptoms such as lack of appetite or tendency to isolation, you should still alert your vet.
Even cats, despite their agility and highly developed reflexes, can be victims of accidents (falls, heat strokes, burns, injuries, cardiac and respiratory arrests, etc.), sometimes very serious.
In these cases of emergency it becomes necessary to know some of the most common and immediate first aid interventions for damaged cats.
Even the owner can be of fundamental help to save the life of your cat.
The emergency room is an important emergency treatment that aims to calm the pain and keep the cat alive, while waiting for the necessary intervention of the vet.
Fractures are often due to road accidents, falls from heights or poorly calculated jumps. While calling the vet, if there are no external wounds, you can immobilize the fractured limb with a padded bandage.
In the case of exposed fractures, disinfect the wound and try to immobilize the joints closest to the fracture. In this situation, however, it is advisable to take the cat to the vet as a matter of urgency.
Artificial respiration is necessary in case of respiratory arrest. The cat should be stretched out on its side, with its head lowered, and regular pressure should be exerted on the ribs.
For wounds, burns, poisonings, heat strokes, the severity of the symptoms must be assessed.
If the wound is slight, you can also try to treat it at home, taking care to disinfect it and bandage it with a bandage. But if the wound does not heal and continues to lose blood, it is always advisable to consult a vet.
First aid catsIn case of burns (or heat strokes) it is advisable to apply ice or very cold water on the burned part (or on the head, in case of a heatstroke).
If the cat is the victim of electrocution (usually to the mouth or to the pads of the legs) it is necessary for the immediate intervention of the vet.
Finally, in case of poisoning (especially if due to pesticide dust), the only thing to do is take the cat to the vet.
It is useful to remember that in Italy there are 24-hour veterinary emergency services and ambulances for the transport of injured animals, which can be contacted in an emergency.